Key Climate Change Documents


For your reference (especially students in International Politics of Climate Change, Global Environmental Politics, and Environment and Sustainability in East Asia at LTU), this page contains a chronological list of key scientific, governmental and inter-governmental reports, and international legal documents, from 1827 to the present.  Documents can be accessed by clicking on the title links.  This page is updated regularly.

Climate change related information from Australia…

Climate change related information from around the world…




Bank of England – “Open letter on climate-related financial risks.”


UNFCCC COP-24, Katowice – Documents.

Climate Strategies and Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI) – “Coal Transitions Synthesis Report: Pathways to “below 2°C” coal transitions in major coal-using economies.”

UNFCCC – The Talanoa Dialogue.

Steffen, W et al. (2018) “Trajectories of the Earth System in the Anthropocene.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 06 July 2018.


UNFCCC COP-23, Bonn – Documents.

‘We Are Still In: Open letter to the international community and parties to the Paris Agreement from U.S. state, local, and business leaders’.


UNFCCC COP-22, Marrakech – ‘Marrakech Proclamation for Our Climate and Sustainable Development’.

UNFCCC COP-22, Marrakech – ‘Marrakech Partnership for Global Climate Action’.

Governments of Germany, Switzerland and France + MacArthur Foundation – ‘Platform on Disaster Displacement‘.

Global Carbon Project – ‘Global Carbon Budget 2016: Summary Highlights‘.

Climate Analytics – ‘Implications of the Paris Agreement for Coal Use in the Power Sector‘.

World Meteorological Association – ‘Provisional WMO Statement on the Status of the Global Climate in 2016‘.

Australian Bureau of Meteorology and the CSIRO – ‘State of the Climate 2016’.

United States Global Change Research Program – ‘The Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States: A Scientific Assessment’.


International Energy Agency – ‘World Energy Outlook Special Report 2015: Energy and Climate Change.

Doctors for the Environment Australia – ‘No Time for Games: Children’s Health and Climate Change.

Encyclical Letter of the Holy Father Pope Francis – Laudato Si’: On Care for Our Common Home.

Frankfurt School UNEP Collaborating Centre for Climate & Sustainable Energy Finance – ‘Renewables 2015 Global Status Report’.

Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment (London School of Economics) – ‘2015 Global Climate Legislation Study.

The World Bank – ‘3 Steps to Decarbonizing Development for a Zero-Carbon Future’.

Australian Academy of Sciences – ‘Climate change challenges to health: Risks and opportunities.

Nordic Council of Ministers – ‘Fossil-Fuel Subsidies and Climate Change: Options for policy-makers within their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions.

The National Academies (US) – ‘Climate Intervention: Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth.

The National Academies (US) – ‘Climate Intervention: Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration‘.

NASA – ‘NASA, NOAA Find 2014 Warmest Year in Modern Record.

Global Environment Facility – ‘Instrument for the Establishment of the Restructured Global Environment Facility.

US Department of the White House – ‘National Security Strategy 2015.


UNFCCC COP-20, Lima – ‘Lima Call for Climate Action’.  See also Decisions Adopted at COP-20 / CMC-10, December 2014.

United Nations Environment Programme – ‘The Emissions Gap Report 2014: A UNEP Synthesis Report.’

World Bank – ‘Climate-Smart Development: Adding up the benefits of actions that help build prosperity, end poverty and combat climate change’.

United States Department of Defense – ‘2014 Climate Change Adaptation Roadmap’.

WWF – ‘014 Living Planet Report’.

Price Waterhouse Coopers – ‘Two degrees of separation: Ambition and reality — Low Carbon Economy Index 2014.

World Meteorological Organization – ‘WMO Greenhouse Gas Bulletin: The State of Greenhouse Gases in the Atmosphere Based on Global Observations through 2013’.

Anthony J McMichael, Stephen R Leeder, Bruce K Armstrong, Antony Basten, Peter C Doherty, Robert M Douglas, Adele C Green, Gustav J V Nossal, David J C Shearman, Fiona J Stanley, Graham V Vimpani and Alex D Wodak. ‘An open letter to the Prime Minister, the Honourable Tony Abbott, MP: A call for active leadership on climate change‘. The Medical Journal of Australia, 07 August 2014.

The Climate Institute and the Asset Owners Disclosure Project – ‘Climate Smart Super: Understanding Superannuation & Climate Risk.

The Climate Institute – ‘Climate of the Nation 2014 Are Australians climate dinosaurs?

American Psychological Association – ‘Beyond Storms and Droughts: The Psychological Impacts of Climate Change.

International Energy Agency – ‘World Energy Investment Outlook.

The Chicago Council on Global Affairs – ‘Advancing Global Food Security in the Face of a Changing Climate’.

CNA Corporation, Military Advisory Board – ‘National Security and the Accelerating Risks of Climate Change.

Lloyd’s of London – ‘Catastrophe Modelling and Climate Change’.

Standard and Poor’s – ‘Climate Change is a Global Mega-Trend for Sovereign Risk.

IPCC Working Group III Contribution to AR5 – ‘Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change’.

IPCC Working Group II Contribution to AR5 – ‘Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability’.

Australian Government – ‘Emissions Reduction Fund Whitepaper’.

US Government, Subcommittee on Global Change Research – ‘2014 National Climate Assessment: Climate Change Impacts in the United States.

US Department of Defense – ‘Strategic Sustainability Performance Plan: FY2014.

Victorian Department of Justice – ‘Emergency Risks in Victoria: Report of the 2012-13 State Emergency Risk Assessment’.

World Resources Institute – Designed for the Future?Assessing Principles of Sustainable Development and Governance in the World Bank’s Project Plans.

Safa Motesharrei, Jorge Rivas, and Eugenia Kalnay. (2014) Human and Nature Dynamics (HANDY) – Modeling Inequality and Use of Resources in the Collapse or Sustainability of Societies. NASA Goddard Space Center.

Parliament of Australia, Senate committee report – ‘Direct Action: Paying polluters to halt global warming.

World Meteorological Organization – ‘WMO Statement on the status of the global climate in 2013’.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) – ‘What We Know: The Reality, Risks and Response to Climate Change.

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) – ‘State of the Climate 2014.

Global Legislators Organisation (GLOBE International) – ‘GLOBE Climate Legislation Study, 4th Edition.

United States National Academy of Sciences and The Royal Society of the United Kingdom – ‘Climate Change: Evidence and Causes.

Australian Climate Change Authority – ‘Reducing Australia’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Targets and Progress Review—Final Report.

Australian Climate Council – ‘Off the Charts: 2013 Was Australia’s Hottest Year‘.

RSA Action and Research Centre — ‘A New Agenda on Climate Change: Facing Up to Stealth Denial and Winding Down on Fossil Fuels.


UNFCCC COP19, Warsaw: Further advancing the Durban Platform.  See also: Decisions adopted at COP19 and CMP9 in Warsaw, November 2013.

Tom Butler and George Wuerthner (eds). ‘Energy: Overdevelopment and the Delusion of Endless Growth‘, Post Carbon Institute.

Anita Talberg, Simeon Hui and Kate Loynes, ‘Timeline of Australian Climate Change Policy’, Parliamentary Library of Australia, 02 December 2013.

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees – ‘Challenges relating to climate change induced displacement: Remarks by Mr José Riera, Senior Advisor to the Director of International Protection’.

Global Carbon Project – ‘Carbon Budget 2013: An Annual Update of the Global Carbon Budget and Trends’.

World Meteorological Organization – ‘Provisional Statement on Status of Climate in 2013:  Continuing high temperatures globally and many climate extremes worldwide.

PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency – ‘Trends in global CO2 emissions: 2013 report.

Norwegian Meteorological Institute – ‘Extreme Weather Events in Europe: Preparing for Climate Change Adaptation.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Working Group I Fifth Assessment Report, Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis.

Australian Energy Market Operator – 100 Percent Renewables Study: Draft Modelling Outcomes.

Melbourne Sustainable Society Institute, University of Melbourne – Post Carbon Pathways: Towards a Just and Resilient Post Carbon Future.

International Energy Agency – ‘World Energy Outlook Special Report 2013: Redrawing the Energy Climate Map’.

Carbon Tracker Initiative: Unburnable Carbon 2013 – Wasted Capital and Stranded Assets.

Ahmed, M et al. (2013) “Continental-Scale Temperature Variability During the Past Two Millennia.” Nature Geoscience.

World Economic Forum: Global Risks Report 2013 (8th Edition).

Australian Strategic Policy Institute: Heavy Weather – Climate and the Australian Defence Force.

Partnership for a Secure America: Thirty-Eight Leading U.S. National Security Experts Urge Action on International Climate Change Initiatives.

Australian Climate Commission: The Angry Summer.

US National Climate Assessment and Development Advisory Committee (NCADAC): Draft Climate Assessment Report.

Victorian Commissioner for Environmental Sustainability: ‘State of the Environment Foundation Paper 1 – Climate Change’.

Australian Climate Commission: Off the Charts – Extreme Australian Summer Heat.


UNFCCC COP18: The ‘Doha Gateway’ – Agreed outcome pursuant to the Bali Action Plan.

UNFCCC COP18/CMP8: Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol.

US National Intelligence Council – Global Trends 2030: Alternative Worlds.

National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility (Griffith University): Public risk perceptions, understandings, and responses to climate change and natural disasters in Australia, 2010 and 2011.

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) – Policy Implications of Warming Permafrost.

The National Academies (US) – Climate Change and Social Stress: Implications for Security Analysis.

United Nations Environment Programme – The Emissions Gap Report 2012: A UNEP Synthesis Report.

World Bank: ‘Turn Down the Heat—Why a 4o Warmer World Must Be Avoided

Fundación DARA Internacional – Climate Vulnerability Monitor (2nd ed): A Guide to the Cold Calculus of a Hot Planet.

Australian Climate Commission: The Critical Decade – International Action on Climate Change.

World Economic Forum: Global Risks 2012 – Seventh Edition.

International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC): Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation (SREX).

Commonwealth Science and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) and the Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BOM): State of the Climate 2012.

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development: OECD Environmental Outlook to 2050 – The Consequences of Inaction.

United Nations High-level Panel on Global Sustainability: Resilient People, Resilient Planet: A Future Worth Choosing.

American Meteorological Society: Climate Change – An Information Statement of the American Meteorological Society.

Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations (IDDRI) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM): The State of Environmental Migration 2011.


UNFCCC, COP-17: Durban Platform for Advanced Action.

CSIRO: Australia’s views on climate change.

International Energy Agency (IEA): World Energy Outlook 2011.

Pew Centre for Global Climate Change: Policies in Key Countries.

The Garnaut Review 2011: Australia in the Global Response to Climate Change.

Australian Productivity Commission: Carbon Emission Policies in Key Economies.

Australian Climate Commission: The Critical Decade.

CSIRO: Climate Change – Science and Solutions for Australia.

IPCC Working Group III: Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation.

German Advisory Council on Global Change – World in Transition: A Social Contract for Sustainability.


UNFCCC, COP-16: The Cancun Agreements.

Australian Academy of Sciences: Climate Change 2010 – Questions and Answers.

World Bank: Synthesis Report of the Economics of Adaption to Climate Change.

United Nations Environment Programme – ‘The Emissions Gap Report 2010.

The Royal Society: A Summary of the Science.

International Monetary Fund: Financing the Response to Climate Change.

World People’s Congress on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth: People’s Agreement of Cochabamba.

US Department of Defense: US Navy Climate Change Roadmap.

Prime Minister’s Science, Engineering and Innovation Council (PMSEIC) – Expert Working Group: Australia and Food Security in a Changing World: Can we feed ourselves and help feed the world in the future?

American Psychological Association Task Force on the Interface Between Psychology and Global Climate Change – Psychology and Global Climate Change: Addressing a Multi-faceted Phenomenon and Set of Challenges.

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) – ‘Mainstreaming the Economics of Nature: A Synthesis of the Approach, Conclusions and Recommendations of TEEB.


UNFCCC, COP-15: The Copenhagen Accord.

University of New South Wales – Climate Change Research Centre (CCRC): The Copenhagen Diagnosis 2009 – Updating the World on the Latest Climate Science.

The Royal Society: Preventing Dangerous Climate Change.

United Nations High Commission for Human Rights (UNHCR): Climate change, natural disasters and human displacement: a UNHCR perspective.

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) – ‘Responding to the Value of Nature: Summary for National and International Policy-makers.


2008 Garnaut Climate Change Review: Final Report.

European Commission – ‘Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy’.

US Office of the Director of National Intelligence, House Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming – ‘National Intelligence Assessment on the National Security Implications of Global Climate Change to 2030.

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development: OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030.

World Health Organization: Protecting Health from Climate Change.

Joint Science Academies’ Statement: Climate Change Adaptation and the Transition to a Low Carbon Society  (released by the national academies of science of thirteen G8+5 countries on 10th June, 2008).

International Labour Organization: Employment and Labour Market Implications of Climate Change.

The National Academies (United States): Understanding and Responding to Climate Change – Highlights of National Academies Reports.


IPCC Fourth Assessment Report.

UNFCCC, COP-13: Bali Action Plan.

Australian Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet – ‘Prime Ministerial Task Group on Emissions Trading – Final Report’ (the Shergold Report).

Lloyds: 360 Risk Project – Catastrophe Trends Rapid Climate Change, London.


UNFCCC, COP-12: 9 decisions, 1 resolution.

UK Treasury: Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change.


UNFCCC, COP-11: 14 decisions and 1 resolution.

FUTERRA Sustainability Communications: The Rules of the Game – Principles of Climate Change Communications.


UNFCCC, COP-10: 18 decisions, 1 resolution.


UNFCCC, COP-9: 2 decisions, 1 resolution.

World Health Organisation (WHO): Climate change and human health – Risks and responses [in collaboration with the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO)].

Schwartz, P. & Randall, D. (2003). An Abrupt Climate Change Scenario and Its Implications for United States National Security. Pasadena: Jet Propulsion Laboratory.


The Royal Society: Economic Instruments for the Reduction of Carbon Dioxide Emissions.

UNFCCC, COP-8: Delhi Ministerial Declaration on Climate Change and Sustainable Development.

Ehlers, V. & Riera, T. (2002). General Report. ‘Global Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol’: The science of global climate change. International response. The EU position. The US position. NATO Parliamentary Assembly.

CSIRO – Future Dilemmas: Options to 2050 for Australia’s Population, Technology, Resources and Environment.


IPCC Third Assessment Report.

COP-7: The Marrakesh Declaration.

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development: OECD Environmental Outlook (2001).


UNFCCC, COP-6: Bonn Agreements.

IPCC Special Report: Emissions Scenarios (SRES).

IPCC Special Report: Methodological and Technological Issues in Technology Transfer.


UNFCCC, COP-5: 22 Decisions.


UNFCCC, COP-4: Buenos Aires Plan of Action.


UNFCCC, COP-3: Kyoto Protocol.

IPCC Special Report: The Regional Impacts of Climate Change – An Assessment of Vulnerability.


UNFCCC, COP-2: Geneva Ministerial Declaration.


IPCC Second Assessment Report.

COP-01: The Berlin Mandate.


IPCC Special Report: IPCC Technical Guidelines for Assessing Climate Change Impacts and Adaptations.


Jeremy Leggett. (1993). ‘Climate Change and the Insurance Industry: Solidarity among the Risk Community?’. Greenpeace International.


UN Conference on Environment and Development: Rio Declaration on the Environment and Development.

UN Conference on Environment and Development: Agenda 21.

UN Conference on Environment and Development: Statement on Forest Principles.

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (UNCBD).

United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD).

IPCC: Climate Change 1992 – The Supplementary Report to the IPCC Scientific Assessment.

IPCC: Climate Change 1992 – The Supplementary Report to the IPCC Impacts Assessment.

Council of Australian Governments – National Strategy for Ecologically Sustainable Development.

The National Academies (US) – ‘Policy Implications of Greenhouse Warming: Mitigation, Adaptation, and the Science Base.

Third UNESCO Science and Culture Forum – ‘Declaration of Belém’.


The National Academies (US) – ‘Policy Implications of Greenhouse Warming.


IPCC First Assessment Report.

Second World Climate Conference: Ministerial Declaration.


UN General Assembly: Resolution 43/53 – Declaration of climate change as ‘a common concern of mankind’.


World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future  (The Brundtland Report).

Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer.  (forerunner and model for global greenhouse gas mitigation regime).


UNEP/WMO/ICSU: The Assessment of the Role of Carbon Dioxide and of Other Greenhouse Gases in Climate Variations and Associated Impacts.


Hansen, J, Johnson, D, Lacis, A, Lebedeff, S, Lee, P, Rind, D, & G. Russell. “Climate Impact of Increasing Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide.” Science. August 1981. Vol. 213, No. 4511, pp. 957-966.


International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) – ‘World Conservation Strategy: Living Resource Conservation for Sustainable Development’.


US National Research Council: Carbon Dioxide and Climate – A Scientific Assessment.

World Meteorological Association: Declaration of the World Climate Conference.

United Nations General Assembly – A/RES/37/7 ‘World Charter for Nature’.


US Central Intelligence Agency – ‘Potential Implications of Trends in World Population, Food Production, and Climate,’ August 1974.


The Limits to Growth: A Report for the Club of Rome’s Project on the Predicament of Mankind.


Guy Stewart Callendar. (1938). ‘The artificial production of carbon dioxide and its influence on temperature’. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 64, 223-240.


Alfred James Lotka, Elements of Physical Biology [first identification of anthropogenic climate change].


AP Banham. ‘Scenery, Soil and the Atmosphere’, Popular Science Monthly, Vol. 76. June 1910, pp. 570-580.


Svante Arrhenius, 1896, “On the Influence of Carbonic Acid in the Air upon the Temperature of the Ground”, London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science (5th series), April 1896, Vol 41, pp. 237–275 [named the ‘greenhouse effect’].


John Tyndall, On Radiation: Through the Earth’s Atmosphere, The “Rede” lecture, delivered in the Senate-house before the University of Cambridge on Tuesday, May 16, 1865 [identified role of carbon dioxide, water vapour and methane in regulating atmospheric temperature].


Joseph Fourier, “Mémoire sur Les Temperatures du Globe Terrestre et Des Espaces Planetaires”,  Mémoires de l’Académie Royale des Sciences de l’Institut de France VII, 570–604 [Fourier’s famous essay anticipating the ‘greenhouse effect’ – in French].


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